The Washington-Baiden administration has almost completed its policies to govern counter-terrorism drone and commando attacks outside the normal war zone, but the sudden collapse of the Afghan government and the recent surge in strikes in Somalia are now and According to former officials, it caused a new problem.
The administration wanted the playbook to be completed by the 20th anniversary of the September 11 attack. This was envisioned as part of a broader readjustment as President Biden aims to end the “eternal war” of the war on terror and reorient national security policy to global change since 2001. I did.
But his team’s ability to meet that deadline is currently questionable in the face of rapidly changing events and uncertainty about the future. Many of the same officials who develop and approve Afghanistan’s latest drone program are focused on emergency evacuation operations in the capital Kabul, he said.
In January, Mr. Biden set out to establish his own comprehensive policy on drone attacks targeting the threat of terrorism emanating from countries where the United States does not have troops on the ground. His new administration questioned how President Donald J. Trump in 2017 loosened previous versions of such rules imposed by President Barack Obama in 2013.
The Biden team has spent more than seven months reviewing these two policies, including the resulting civilian casualties rate, and assessing the evolution of the global terrorist threat. Officials said their deliberations have now focused on adopting a hybrid approach that draws elements from both Obama and Trump systems.
As currently considered, Biden-era playbooks will return to the centralized inter-ministerial review of strikes proposed in countries where such operations are rare-characteristics of the Obama approach-they say. rice field. However, in places where strikes are likely to be more routine, such as Somalia and Afghanistan, we will maintain some of Trump’s approach. That is, they themselves issue a “national plan” that establishes policy goals and goal criteria, giving field commanders the freedom to make decisions to carry out specific strikes.
Still, officials said the country’s plans were more restrictive than the Trump version. For example, protection against the deaths of civilian bystanders under Mr. Trump often weakened protection for adult men over women and children, but future Biden plans equalize protection. Probably. Biden’s rules are also set to require the military to obtain the consent of the strike by the Secretary of State’s legation director, they said.
However, the recent cataclysm in Afghanistan has obsolete the plans the Biden team originally envisioned for the country. Officials said Biden needed to create a new playbook to manage future strikes there before he could implement the overall policy.
Mr. Biden and his team defended his decision to withdraw US ground forces by promising to maintain a strong ability to attack the new or resurrected threat of terrorism emanating from it. The future of strikes in Afghanistan is especially important.
“We will carry out effective counterterrorism missions against terrorist groups in multiple countries that do not have a permanent military presence,” Biden said this month. “If necessary, we will do the same in Afghanistan. We can take a close look at the direct threat to the United States in the region and take swift and decisive action when necessary, counterterrorism. We have developed capabilities that go beyond our horizons. “
However, their original plan for Afghanistan is that the United States will carry out airstrikes with the consent of President Ashraf Ghani and support the government’s efforts to resist cross-border terrorist groups such as al-Qaeda and Islamic State. I was assuming the result. Use the country as a base for activities. The Taliban are separately fighting for control of the country, but at least superficially, they are neutral in that category of conflict.
But instead, Mr Ganny fled, Afghan troops abdicated, and the Taliban came to power as a de facto government. As a result, officials say the guide to future counterterrorism operations in Afghanistan needs to be redeveloped against the backdrop of uncertainty about the Taliban’s intentions, such as whether to return to holding terrorist camps as in the 1990s. Stated.
Current and former officials, who were briefed on the deliberations on the drone strike policy, spoke of delicate internal discussions only on condition of anonymity. Asked for comment, the National Security Council press office retransmitted to the New York Times a statement it provided in March for an article on legal policy reviews, which was in its infancy at the time.
Biden’s plans not only raise the bar for protecting civilians, but also mean to maintain greater flexibility in different settings around the world, terrorism at the National Security Council. Luke Heartig, who worked on the Obama administration’s drone strike policy as senior director of the response, said.
But he added: “Afghanistan will have to be very fluid. I hate having to write guidance for Afghanistan right now,” he said.
But building a bureaucracy and planning a drone strike goes against Mr. Biden’s recurring statement that he wants to end the eternal war, Harvard, who frequently writes about national security law policy. Law School professor Jack Goldsmith said.
Understand the Taliban takeover in Afghanistan
Who is the Taliban? The Taliban occurred in 1994 in the turmoil after the Soviet troops withdrew from Afghanistan in 1989. They enforced the rules with brutal public punishments such as whiplash, cutting and mass slaughter. Here we will elaborate on the story of their origin and their record as ruler.
“I don’t blame them because I think the real threat will continue,” he added. “It’s better to have a system to deal with them than to let the Pentagon do what they want to do. But creating a system for drone attacks is the way to end an eternal war. It doesn’t sound like that. “
The need for a new Afghan playbook was added to another open issue that arose later in the Biden-era policy deliberations: the army went on strike to protect its partner army without going through the normal. Latitude uncertainty review that needs to be done.
The problem was that the United States Africa Command launched three drone strikes in Somalia from late July to early August targeting al-Shabaab, a radical group associated with Kaida, and did not launch airstrikes for six months. The focus was on after breaking the stagnation.
The suspension followed a policy directive issued by the president’s national security adviser, Jake Sullivan, shortly after Mr. Biden’s inauguration on January 20. Under temporary rules, the White House’s approval was required if a drone attacked from the battlefield while the new administration was drafting. That policy.
However, the directive included an exception to the self-defense strike. And the army …