Manawan, Quebec — A torrent of insults began when Joyce Echaquan, a 7-year-old 37-year-old indigenous mother, moaned in pain in the last hours of her life at a hospital in Quebec.
A nurse at Joliet Hospital in Quebec should pick up Echaquan, who started recording Facebook Live video just minutes ago, to her husband as the hospital was taking too much medicine for her.
By the time Echaquan, who was suffering from heart disease, died (about two hours later, on Monday, late September 2020), the video had begun to cause resentment across Canada. It eventually struck a chord around the world and became a powerful symbol of how Canada’s proud universal health insurance system treats indigenous peoples differently.
Indigenous leaders and health professionals say the medical crisis, partly supported by racial prejudice that 1.7 million indigenous peoples in Canada shorten their lives, exacerbate chronic illnesses and impair their quality of life. He states that he is suffering from.
2019 Report by Retired Quebec Superior Court Judge Jack Viens Prejudice in Quebec’s health system is “disastrous” to indigenous people, including delays in diagnosis and, in some cases, the implementation of medical assessments, the prescribing of necessary diagnostic tests and tests, and even doctors who refuse to “appropriate medication.” We conclude that it is bringing “results”.
Indigenous peoples in Canada have a life expectancy of about 70-75 years, compared to 82 years for non-indigenous peoples, but infant mortality rates are at least twice as high, according to a 2019 Federal Public Health Service report. They also have a high incidence of illnesses such as diabetes, asthma and obesity, the report said.
In an interview from the Atikamekw Indigenous Reserve in Manawan, about 150 miles north of Montreal, Echaquan’s husband, Carol Duvet, said, “Imagine having to explain to your children that they no longer have a mother. Please. ”
In a public protest against the video, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau told the House of Commons that he “caught the worst racism when someone needed the most help.”
“This is another example of systematic racism and, very simply, unacceptable in Canada,” he said.
Following the spread of Echaquan’s video, nurses I got fired. A coroner’s investigation in Quebec is investigating the events that led to her death on September 28, 2020, and the findings will be published within a few weeks.
During the investigation, the video nurse apologized to Echaquan’s family and testified that they had reached the limit exacerbated by the pandemic. She insisted that she was an indigenous person and would not insult Mr. Echaquan.
Maryse Ouellet, In an interview, he became chief executive officer of the community health authority for Joliet Hospital in southwestern Quebec in April, saying what happened to Mr. Echaquan was “unacceptable.” She didn’t comment on the details of her case, but recently bridged the bridge by hiring members of Echaquan’s Atikamek group as senior adjutants and strengthening cultural sensitivity training for medical staff. We emphasized our efforts.
But the broader changes that indigenous peoples have sought have been elusive.
On the day of her death, Echaquan, who breathes little and is likely to be in a coma, was left unsupervised for at least 11 minutes before entering cardiac arrest, the Montreal Heart Institute’s emergency department. Dr. Alan Vadeboncourt, a doctor, wrote in an expert report submitted to the study.
Inuit social worker Alisha Tucchiapic from Nunavik, a remote area in northern Quebec, is so prejudiced about the health care system that she should see a doctor and “pass white”. Said that. Before seeing the hospital, she said she had removed the traditional beaded earrings.
She remembered when she became pregnant with her daughter, a doctor stereotyped her as a substance or alcohol abuser and asked five times during the same visit if she had any problems with substance abuse. “If I answer’no’, they ask me. Isn’t it even a little? “
She disguised her indigenous identity and said, “It can be the difference between life and death, with or without treatment.”
Indigenous peoples of Canada often live in remote areas with inadequate access to clean drinking water, medical care and emergency services.
According to indigenous leaders, it is the intergenerational trauma that indigenous peoples are suffering from that exacerbates the health care challenge.
Dr. Samil Shaheen Hussein, an assistant professor of medicine at McGill University in Montreal, who wrote a book on indigenous children’s colonial policy, said forced sterilization of indigenous girls and women in the 1920s and 1970s. Said he had a painful experience, including. Fostered “deep distrust” of the health system among indigenous communities.
Manawan, the Atikamekw Indigenous Reserve, where Echaquan lived, is at the end of a 50-mile dirt dirt road on the shores of Lake Metabeskega.
Echaquan’s image is ubiquitous in the reserve, including hats, posters, and paintings, often accompanied by the phrase “Joyce’s justice.” The mourner pays homage to her grave. It features a simple wooden cross covered with a necklace and a purple ribbon.
Sipi Flamen, Deputy Head of the Atikamekw First Nations community, said there have been several Covid-19 outbreaks since the outbreak of the pandemic, with approximately 39 cases and 2 Covid-related deaths.
Flemish said the lack of access to medical care in Manawan has long been a problem. The nearest public hospital, Joliet Hospital, where Echaquan died, is at least two and a half hours drive away. Twenty years after lobbying the state government, The reserve receives the first ambulance, but not until 2018, two years after the eight-year-old girl drowned while her parents wereted waiting for the ambulance to arrive.
Francine Moat, a nurse responsible for health services in the reserve, said the community provided nursing services 24 hours a day and her doctors rotated there three days a month.But she lamented that she had neither a full-time doctor nor a gynecologist. There is no radiology service.
The budget has also stretched to the limit, and the federal and state governments were arguing over who was responsible for paying the bill, she said. Health care for Canadians is the responsibility of the state or territory, but 19th century law governing the lives of indigenous peoples states that their health care is the responsibility of the federal government. As a result, the two governments “tried to give money,” she said.
In 2007, Jordan River Anderson, a five-year-old Cree boy from Manitoba with a rare muscle disorder, was discharged two years after the federal and state governments couldn’t agree on who to fund. After being late, he died in the hospital. Home care. In response, Congress passed a 2007 law requiring that helping children be prioritized over who paid the invoice.
Dubé said Echaquan, one of seven siblings, is a devoted mother who loves to make mousse meat stews for her family and loves nature and fishing. He said he avoided hunting in front of her because she was so obsessed with animals.
There was also a struggle. People who knew the family said the couple was under serious financial burden. Duvet quit his job as a firefighter to take care of his children. After Echaquan’s brother drowned in 2012, she was depressed and turned into amphetamines, but they said they had overcome the addiction.
Duvet said Echaquan was afraid of Joliet Hospital, which had previously faced prejudice, including abortions in 2013 and 2017. Martin Menard said she …