The COP26 Climate Summit in Glasgow this November is an important moment for our planet. This offers a unique opportunity to commit to a new wave of ambitious and concrete action across all sectors of the economy. This will allow us to achieve common emission targets and build a better world for future generations.
Today is an important staging post on the road to COP. This is Zero Emission Day, a global 24-hour moratorium on the use of fossil fuels, and the third virtual conference of the Zero Emission Vehicle Transition Council, which accounts for more than 50% of the global automotive market.
Several ministers and representatives of the world’s largest and most progressive automotive market have come together to discuss the effectiveness of various policy measures that the government can take to accelerate the transition to zero-emission vehicles.
For us, the ministers responsible for the transition to zero-emission vehicles in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, it is clear that purification of road transport, which accounts for 10% of global greenhouse gas emissions, is at the heart of this challenge. Evidence shows that in order for us to desire cleaner air in our communities and keep global warming below 1.5 ° C, urgent intervention is needed to dramatically accelerate the pace of the transition to the future of zero emissions. It shows that.
Fortunately, this transition is already underway. Global electric vehicle sales in the first quarter of 2021 were driven by sales in China and Europe, an increase of 140% compared to the same period in 2020. Some of the largest fleet-owning businesses, such as Deutsche Post DHL, Lyft and Siemens, are committed to making fleets 100% zero emissions by 2030. The Netherlands and Norway are leading the deployment of charging infrastructure.
The British government announced a transport decarbonization plan in July. This is the world’s first plan and represents the government’s plan to phase out sales of new gasoline and diesel vehicles and vans by 2030. The van will have zero emissions on the tailpipe by 2035.
Predictions are that more than one-seventh of the cars sold in the UK this year will have plugs. To support deployment, the UK Government and industry are supporting the installation of over 25,000 publicly available charging devices, including over 4,700 rapid devices. This network is one of the largest networks in Europe and has helped to relieve the anxiety of a range of drivers across the country.
Fiat, Jaguar Land Rover, Ford Europe and VW Europe have all recently promised to sell 100% zero-emission vehicles between 2030 and 2035, calling on other manufacturers to meet this promise prior to COP26. increase. The surge in supply and demand for EVs means that some analysts expect EV costs to be comparable to traditional vehicles by the mid-2020s.
But as the International Energy Agency’s Net Zero Report to 2050 shows, the transition of global zero-emission vehicles needs to be much faster in order to reach climate goals and combat the tragedy of air pollution. .. Currently, even optimistic forecasts predict that 30% of new cars sold in 2040 will still have internal combustion engines. Our planet and society simply cannot accept this. Policy makers and regulators must respond.
According to science, all new cars and vans sold worldwide must have zero emissions by 2040 in order to reach the net zero goal and keep global warming below 1.5 ° C. Wealthy countries with the largest car markets will, of course, move first, in line with the 2050 Net Zero commitment. The average lifespan is 15 years, which means that all new conventional internal combustion engine vehicles will be completely discontinued by 2035 at the latest.
Recognizing the opportunity to move to zero-emission vehicles, major governments such as the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, California, Canada, Denmark and Norway are already on the move, making it clear that all contaminated vehicles will be discontinued. I promise. Before 2035.
The Netherlands has embodied the 2030 phased abolition date as part of the national climate ambition agreement. This year we also saw promising moves from several other major automotive markets. The United States has submitted a proposal to make 50% of new vehicles electric vehicles by 2030, and the European Commission has submitted a proposal to reduce all new vehicles and vans registered in the EU to zero emissions by 2035. Significantly international painting.
We – the Governments of the United Kingdom and the Netherlands – endorse the Commission’s proposal agreed by Member States and the European Parliament and cooperate and commit to the United States, EU, China and other major markets prior to COP26. I call on you. By 2035 at the latest, 100% of new cars and vans will have zero emissions. The more countries that do this, the faster investment will move to EVs and the faster the costs will go down.
But it’s not just the headlines that matter. There is a lot of confusion and misinformation about electric vehicles and ZEVs. Let’s be clear. Zero emissions should mean zero emissions. The use of hybrid vehicles and low-carbon fuels (including biofuels and electric fuels) may serve as an interim measure.
However, they are not always zero emissions in the tailpipe and offer limited air quality benefits. Such low-carbon fuels may become increasingly needed in areas with limited options, such as aviation. Therefore, battery, electric and hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles are currently the only viable option to reduce road transport tailpipe emissions to zero within the available time. It is these technologies that we must focus on in the long run.
We sit at the crossroads of climate crisis, consumer desires and technological advances. The time has come and this summit is needed to prove the catalyst for politicians and business leaders around the world to step in and drive the transition.
Grant Shaps is Secretary of Transportation and Stephen Funway Emberg Secretary of State for Infrastructure and Water Management in the Netherlands