This year’s Nobel Prize in Medicine was presented to two US scientists for research on temperature and tactile sensation, but the researchers behind the Covid-19 vaccine missed it.
Dr. David Julius, a physiologist at the University of California in San Francisco, and Dr. Ardem Patapoutian, a neuroscientist at Scripps Research in La Jolla, California, have made breakthrough discoveries in how the nervous system perceives Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Received the award. Heat, cold, and tactile sensations that can pave the way for new painkillers.
Dr. Julius has identified a nerve sensor that allows the skin to respond to heat using capsaicin, the active ingredient in hot peppers that causes a burning sensation. Meanwhile, Dr. Patapoutian discovered a separate pressure-sensitive sensor inside the cell that responds to mechanical stimuli.
They were announced on Monday by the Nobel Committee Secretary-General Thomas Pearlman as the winner of the prestigious award.
He added that their work “really unleashes one of the secrets of nature” and “it’s a very important and profound discovery because it’s really important to our survival.”
Presented at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, the award includes a gold medal shared among the winners and SEK 10 million (£ 845,000).
Nobel Prize candidates have not been announced by the Oslo Secret Committee, but it was believed that the Covid-19 vaccine and immune system research pioneers were aiming for a medical award.
Hungarian-born biochemist Katalin Kariko and American scientist Drew Weissman were among those seen by other medical researchers as potential winners in the study of messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) vaccines.
Developed by Moderna and Pfizer and its German partner BioNTech, the mRNA vaccine has revolutionized the fight against Covid.
“Sooner or later the technology will win an award,” said Ali Mirazami, a professor of clinical laboratory medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden, but added “when is the problem?”
Traditional vaccines that introduce a weakened or dead virus to stimulate the body’s immune system can take 10 years or more to develop, but Moderna’s mRNA vaccine is 2 from gene sequencing to the first human injection. It was completed in a little over a month.
Adam Frederik Sander Bertelsen, an associate professor at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, has shown that mRNA technology not only produces a “very effective immune response,” but also needs to coordinate production “every time a new vaccine is made.” Said not. ..
“The speed and efficiency actually saved thousands of people, and I can fully support it,” he added.