The Byden administration’s promotion to make Covid-19 booster shots available to most fully vaccinated adults is a food that makes Pfizer boosters available only to people over the age of 65 and at high risk of illness. COVID is currently hampered by the recommendations of the Food and Drug Administration Advisory Board.
However, the fierce debate over whether shots are needed more widely remains unresolved.
Friday’s expert committee overwhelmingly voted not to recommend boosters to people over the age of 16 after tense all-day discussions exposing government agencies and departments within the administration.
The vote was a blow to President Biden, increasing criticism of his efforts to boost the immunity of already vaccinated Americans at a time when most residents of poor countries had not even received the first dose. .. More than a month ago, the FDA and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention allowed some individuals with weakened immunity a third injection. This is because the additional dose only removes protection to a level that others can achieve with two injections.
Data from Pfizer and elsewhere appear to indicate that two shots were protected from serious illness and hospitalization for the next few months, with three shots spreading the infection, some FDA experts said. He said there was not enough evidence to stop him. Others have criticized the lack of data that additional injections are safe for young people.
The panel’s final recommendation left room for the White House to argue that the core of its booster strategy remains intact. Depending on the definition of “high risk,” tens of millions of Americans may be considered eligible for a booster dose of the Pfizer vaccine. And a small but growing number of people are finding a way to stop waiting for federal approval and receive booster shots.
Prior to the panel meeting on Friday, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said that for some people, the level of protection against Covid hospitalization provided by the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine had dropped significantly four months after full vaccination. We have released the data shown.
The CDC study supported several others suggesting that the Pfizer vaccine may weaken protection from hospitalization over the long term. The data available is far from unanimous, but so far it suggests that only older people need boosters. Participants in the CDC study were distorted as they grew older, and it was unclear whether the same decline in vaccine efficacy occurred among young vaccinated people.
Understand Vaccine and Mask Obligations in the United States
- Vaccine rules.. On August 23, the Food and Drug Administration granted full approval of Pfizer BioNTech’s coronavirus vaccine for people over the age of 16 paving the way for increased obligations in both the public and private sectors. rice field. Private companies are increasingly requiring employees to vaccinate. Such obligations are legally permitted and are upheld in court opposition.
- Mask rule.. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in July masks indoor public places in areas where outbreaks are occurring, which is the opposite of the guidance provided in May by all Americans, regardless of vaccination status. It was recommended to wear. Find out where the CDC guidance applies and where the state has developed its own mask policy. In some states, the mask dispute is controversial, and some local leaders oppose the state’s ban.
- University. More than 400 universities require students to be vaccinated with Covid-19. Almost all are in the states that voted for President Biden.
- school.. Both California and New York City have introduced vaccine obligations to their education staff. According to a survey released in August, many American parents with school-age children oppose the vaccines required for their students, but mask obligations for students, teachers, and staff who do not have shots. Was in favor of.
- Hospitals and medical centers.. Many hospitals and major healthcare systems require employees to be vaccinated with the Covid-19 vaccine. This is due to the increased number of cases caused by the Delta variant and the low stubborn vaccination rate in the community, even within employees.
- New York City.. Indoor meals, gymnasiums, performances and other indoor situations require proof of vaccination for workers and customers, but enforcement will not begin until September 13. Teachers and other educational workers in the city’s vast school system must be vaccinated with at least one vaccine. Administered by September 27, without weekly test options. Municipal hospital workers also need to be vaccinated or have weekly tests. Employees in New York have similar rules.
- At the federal level. The Pentagon has announced that it will mandate coronavirus vaccination of 1.3 million active troops in the country by mid-September. President Biden has announced that all private federal personnel must be vaccinated against the coronavirus or subject to regular inspections, social distances, mask requirements, and most travel restrictions.
Other studies have shown that despite the rapid spread of delta variants and the passage of time, Pfizer’s effectiveness for hospitalization remains above 90%. Pfizer said Israel and the United States appear to define “severe illnesses” differently, but data from Israel suggest less effectiveness against severe illnesses.
The debate continues as Delta variants continue to devastate the country’s low-vaccination areas. New coronavirus cases and hospitalizations with Covid across the United States remain much higher than in early summer, but are beginning to show signs of decline. Also, according to the New York Times database, the average daily death toll has risen from this year’s low of 175 to nearly 2,000 by the end of this week since early July. One in 500 Americans die of the disease.
The pace of vaccination remains relatively slow. According to federal data, providers average about 775,000 doses per day, part of the April peak, but more than 250,000 times higher than the July lows. According to the New York Times database, about 54% of Americans are fully vaccinated, the second lowest in the group of seven wealthy countries, but Japan’s current aggressiveness. Vaccination campaigns could soon leave the United States last in the G7.
The FDA has the final say on vaccine approval and is not obliged to follow the advisory board recommendations, but usually does. The agency is likely to make a booster decision by early next week.