When doctor and seasoned runner Joan William published her book “Women’s Running” in 1976, she gave a series of daunting traditional ideas summarized in one warning. Incorporated: Women should not run long distances.
The woman was told that they were not physiologically constructed for it. Compared to men, they are usually considered to be a deterrent to long-distance running because of their high body fat, low muscle mass, and light bone structure. In addition, many authorities in the field have warned that long runs can harm female reproductive organs.
However, Dr. Ullyot (pronounced UH-lee-yet) was one of the first books to look at sports from a female perspective and one of the first books by female writers on this subject, her book. Systematically condemned these claims.
Marathon runner Kathrine Switzer said, “I have no idea how much myth or superstition was around the active activities of women at the time.”
For Dr. William, “The purpose of this book was not to tell women what they could do, but to tell them what they could do,” she wrote in the book First Ladies of Running (2016). It is reported that it is stated in. According to marathon runner Amby Burfoot.
Dr. Ullyot, who was 80 years old when he died of cardiac arrest in Palo Alto, California on June 19, was a seasoned marathoner himself and encouraged the International Olympic Committee to include women’s marathons in the 1980s. I did. game. (With a few exceptions, the Olympic Games have a long history of banning all kinds of long-distance races for women until 1960.)
Dr. Ullyot, as a member of the International Runners Committee, an advocacy group formed in 1979 to encourage women to include long-distance races in international competitions, conducted her research in a presentation given to the IOC by the group. I used it. Until the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles.
In making that claim, the group opposed a history of open hostility towards women’s competitors in marathon races. Switzer is famous for participating in the 1967 Boston Marathon under the name KVSwitzer and passing as a man. When race officials got on the wind of female participants, they were unsuccessful and tried to physically drive her off the track. She was the first woman to complete the race as an official participant.
In 1977, the IOC refused to add a 3,000-meter race for women at the 1980 competition in Moscow, but an article in the New York Times that year stated that women “continue to run physiologically.” I quoted Dr. Ullyot’s work as demonstrating that “it may be possible.” And running — and running. “
The IOC finally forgave, and mainly due to the efforts of Dr. Ullyot’s group, both the 3,000-meter race and the marathon for women were added to the 1984 competition.
American Joan Benowa won his first gold medal at the 1984 Marathon event at 2:24:52. The Times race coverage was headlined as “female athletes overthrow sports myths.”
Joan Wingate Tram was born on July 1, 1940 in Chicago to Theodore and Deborah (Bent) Lamb. Her father, an architect, died in a plane crash in 1943. The housewife’s mother remarried and first moved to Manhattan with her new husband, Joan and sister, and then to California when Joan was in high school.
She was not an athlete when she was a kid. As she told running blogger Gary Cohen in a 2017 interview, “The girls didn’t run. I don’t know why, but they didn’t.”
Dr. Ullyot attended Westridge School, a private school for girls in Pasadena, California, and then Wellesley College, Massachusetts to the east, graduating with a degree in German literature in 1961. She attended Harvard Medical School and graduated in 1966.
After marrying cardiac surgeon Dr. Daniel William in 1965 and moving to San Francisco four years later, Dr. William began running as a way to lose weight. She quickly took part in it and took part in the first major race in San Francisco in 1971, the 12km Bay to Breakers. This event was the first year for women to attend.
Dr. Ullyot ran more than 75 marathons and many other races while working as a medical researcher in cytopathology at facilities such as the University of California, San Francisco Medical Center.
She was a single mother of her two sons for most of her life. Her marriage divorced in 1976.
Her son, Theodore William, recalled that he and his brother, John, required him to run three miles to junior high school several days a week with his backpack and more.
“It was very embarrassing for a few teenagers,” Uliot said. Nevertheless, both sons also started running.
Dr. Ullyot, one of the six runners from the United States, participated in the first International Women’s Marathon in Waldniel, Germany, in 1974. After studying German at university, she acted as an interpreter for the team.
During the event, she met Ernst van Aaken, a German doctor who was an early supporter of women’s running. He pioneered a “long-distance, low-speed” training method that emphasizes running long distances at low speeds, rather than the standard short-distance, more intense interval training of the time. The two became friends and collaborators.
Together, they have developed training programs for both men and women to maximize endurance and minimize damage to the body. (She told running blogger Cohen that Dr. Van Arken, who died in 1984, introduced him to drinking wine, one of her favorite non-running activities.)
Dr. William is a Boston Marathon starting block fixture, running nine races in 1984 and winning the Masters category for runners over the age of 40.
In 1990 she married Charles E. Becker, who was also a doctor. The couple moved to Snowmass, Colorado, and Dr. William coached an Aspen running club.
In addition to her son Theodore, she has survived by her husband. Son John confirms her death. Her sister, Deborah McCardy. Two stepchildren. And six grandchildren.
In addition to “Women’s Running”, Dr. Ullyot’s book includes “Running Free: A Book for Women Runners and their Friends” (1980). She also wrote a column for Runners World magazine.
Dr. William ran his last marathon, Boston, at the age of 56. But she didn’t lose her competitiveness. When her son Theodore ran a marathon in 2 hours and 50 minutes and broke Dr. William’s personal record, she decided to surpass him. After intense training, she completely exceeded his time by two minutes.
Mr. Uliot recalled his mother, “You can have all the records of this family except the marathon, but you are not keeping a marathon record from me.”
“I have had a motto since I was 40. Age, experience and cunning can overcome youth and ability,” Dr. Ullyot told The Times in 1989.