Former Conservation Observer in Duluth, Minnesota, on September 1 to help move the state’s criminal justice agenda against nonviolent offenders from fixed prisons in distant prisons to flexible alternatives in their communities. Kenneth F. Shane has passed away. He was 89 years old.
The cause was myeloma, said his daughter, Carrie Shane.
During a period of increasing crime, Shane became known in his field as the “father of community-based correction” to promote probation, halfway house, drug rehabilitation, and other imprisonment options. I did.
He was a Minnesota Correctional Commissioner from 1973 to 1978, Director of the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation’s Judiciary Program from 1979 to 1996, and a grant of approximately $ 50 million for prison reform and confinement alternatives. Oversaw the distribution of.
Shane was in a position not only to propose programs (some of which were unpopular), but also to implement and undertake them to demonstrate that they could be effective.
He also oversaw reforms of New York City’s detention system, including the infamous Rikers Island prison complex. Mayor Edward I. Koch hired him as a consultant in 1978. In the 1990s, as a special master of the U.S. District Court in New York, he improved the condition of inmates and staff, lonely confinement, reduced violence, increased staff, improved access to court libraries, and appropriate. Development of procedural procedures.
“We both wanted the same thing. It’s a fairer, less violent, and more efficient prison system,” he said, serving as a city corrections committee member from 1995 to 1998 and now at City University of New York. Michael Jacobson, Secretary-General of State and Regional Institutes. Governance wrote in an email: “And he balanced his role as a monitor and critic with his willingness to work with me in a strategy to help get there.”
“It was the cornerstone of our efforts to change the US judicial system,” said Michael H. Tonley, a criminologist, professor of law school, and director of the Institute for Crime and Public Policy at the University of Minnesota. rice field. When he was Commissioner of Baseball in Minnesota, he acted as an “effective and liberal reformist” to help the region pay for drug rehabilitation and other services for criminals and former prisoners. He added that he drafted the law.
Professor Tonley said that when Shane directed the New York-based Clark Foundation program, it was the only important philanthropic activity in the country to fund criminal justice at the time. One of the winners was the American Civil Liberties Union’s National Prison Project, which he described as “the backbone of the American Prisoner’s Rights Movement.”
Shane’s view was praised by a group that supported prison reform and was concerned about increased costs of imprisonment, but his work at the Foundation elicited criticism from the National Rifle Association, and his influence was ” Over a dozen state capitals and the White House itself. “
The NRA treats juvenile offenders as adults, establishes a “bill of rights” for victims, abolishes prisoner trenches, and requires prisoners to serve at least 85% of their sentence. , And countered by proposing a third felony. Conviction should encourage forced life imprisonment.
Kenneth Frederick Shane was born on April 21, 1932 in St. Paul, Minnesota, to railroad worker Frederick H. Shane and housewife Helen (Geckler) Shane.
He served in the Army as a social worker in psychiatry in Germany until he received a bachelor’s degree in sociology from the University of Minnesota and a master’s degree from the University of Colorado in Denver.
In the 1960s, Shane directed an experimental correction program in Minnesota known as rehabilitation and training for probation criminals. He was appointed Assistant Commissioner for the Correction of the Community in 1972.
In 1996, he helped establish the Criminal Justice Institute at the University of Minnesota Law School and directed it until 1999. He retired in 2000 and lived in Duluth. He married Concetta Infelise, who died in 2016. His son David died of cancer in 2004.