The Nobel Prize in Physics was presented on Tuesday to three scientists who “laid the foundation for their knowledge of the Earth’s climate and how humanity affects it.”
The winners were Syukuro Manabe of Princeton University, Klaus Hasselmann of the Maxplank Meteorological Institute in Hamburg, Germany, and Giorgio Parisi of the University of Sapienza in Rome.
All three tasks are essential to understanding how the Earth’s climate is changing and how human behavior influences those changes.
Toll Hans Hanson, Chairman of the Nobel Prize in Physics, said:
Complex systems, such as climate, are often defined by their disorder. This year’s winners helped understand what seemed confusing by explaining these systems and predicting their long-term behavior.
Dr. Manabe showed how rising carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere lead to rising temperatures on the Earth’s surface.
“In the 1960s, he was the first to lead the development of a physical model of the Earth’s climate and to investigate the interaction between radiative balance and vertical transport of air masses,” the Commission said. “His work laid the foundation for the development of current climate models.”
In a statement by the Nobel Committee, 10 years later, Dr. Hasselman created a model that links weather and climate, asking “why climate models are reliable despite changing and chaotic weather.” I answered. “
Dr. Parisi’s discovery was described as “among the most important contributions to the theory of complex systems.”
He is credited for discovering the interactions of disorder and variability in physical systems from atomic to planetary scale.
“They understand and explain many different, apparently completely random substances and phenomena not only in physics, but also in other very different disciplines such as mathematics, biology, neuroscience, machine learning, etc. Enables, “said the committee.
Who is the winner?
Dr. Hasselman is a German physicist and oceanographer who has greatly improved the general understanding of climate change by creating models that link climate with chaotic meteorological systems. He was born in Hamburg in 1931 and received his PhD. From the University of Göttingen in Germany in 1957. He is a professor at the Maxplank Meteorological Institute in Hamburg. He also founded what is now known as the Global Climate Forum.
Dr. Manabe is a senior meteorologist and climatologist at Princeton University, whose research laid the foundation for current climate models by showing how elevated carbon dioxide levels lead to high temperatures on the Earth’s surface. rice field. He was born in Shingu, Japan in 1931 and received his PhD. From the University of Tokyo in 1957.
Dr. Parisi is an Italian theoretical physicist born in Rome in 1948, whose research focuses on quantum field theory, statistical mechanics, and complex systems. He got a PhD. From Sapienza University of Rome, Italy in 1970. In 1980, he was responsible for discovering hidden patterns of chaotic and complex materials. He is a professor at Sapienza University of Rome.