Russia was responsible for the 2006 assassination of former spy Alexander Litvinenko, which was ruled by the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR).
A former Russian FSB agent was poisoned with polonium-210 in London in November 2006. He died painfully in the hospital three weeks later.
His assassination was widely recognized as being personally approved by Russian President Vladimir Putin, who pointed his finger at the Kremlin on his deathbed.
Russia has denied any involvement in his death.
Litvinenko fled to Britain in 2000 and later collaborated with MI6 after critically speaking about what he regarded as corruption within the Kremlin.
In a statement on Tuesday, the ECHR said: “Russia was responsible for the assassination of Alexander Litvinenko in Britain.”
The Kremlin “did not provide other satisfactory and compelling explanations for the case,” he added, and did not conduct an “effective domestic investigation” aimed at identifying and punishing the person responsible.
Litvinenko’s death was more than three weeks after drinking green tea mixed with polonium-210 at the Millennium Hotel in London. An autopsy confirmed the doctor’s suspicion that he had ingested a rare radioactive substance.
The incident, described as a “nuclear attack on the streets of London,” caused an international scandal and plunged Russia-Russia relations into post-Cold War lows.
On the morning of November 1, 2006, Litvinenko met Andrey Lugoboy and former KGB agent Dmitry Kovtun at the Millennium Hotel in Mayfair. He became severely ill later that day.
According to a public investigation into his death in 2016, Lugoboy and Kovtun may have failed twice in attempts to poison Litvinenko with polonium-210 before finally doing so at the Millennium Hotel.
Large traces of radioactive material were found in all three hotels where Russian authorities were staying in London, as well as in several restaurants and planes where the pair participated.
Richard Horwell, a lawyer who represented the London police during the investigation, said polonium was “almost. [the] “The perfect murder weapon,” giving Lugoboy and Cobton enough time to escape London without suspicion.
“No matter how many state honors Putin pinned to Lugoboy’s chest … Kovtun and Kovtun are scientific evidence, regardless of the number of meetings held by Kovtun and the number of times Kovtun promised to break this investigation. I don’t have a reliable answer to the traces of polonium they left behind, “he said.
Howell added that Lugoboy and Cobton used rare substances to poison Litvinenko “because they wanted to avoid political fallout in Britain.”
The former agent met Mr Putin only once in 1998. At that time, Putin was the head of the FSB, and Litvinenko was driving intelligence reform.
Judge Robert Owen, who oversaw the hearing about Litvinenko’s death, told Putin after opponents sought asylum in Britain, including a pedophilia allegation in July 2006. Repeated attacks. “
“In general, I am happy that the president himself and members of the Putin administration, including the FSB, had the motivation to take action against Litvinenko, including the killing of Litvinenko in late 2006,” the trial at the time said. The official declared.