Who was Vladimir Lenin?
Vladimir Iliich Ulyanov “Lenin” was the architect of Russia’s 1917 Bolshevik Revolution and the first leader to become the Soviet Union of Socialist Republics (USSR). Through violent means, he established a system of Marxist socialism in the former Russian Empire called Communism. It sought to impose collective control on the means of production, redistribute wealth, abolish aristocratism, and create a more equitable society for the masses.
- Vladimir Iliichi “Lenin” Ulyanov was the main mastermind of the Russian communist revolution that led to the creation of the Soviet Union.
- Lenin was the son of a wealthy upper middle-class family and took power by taking advantage of the dissatisfaction of the working poor in urban areas and farmers in rural areas.
- Lenin’s revolution, the resulting civil war and famine, and the brutal domestic oppression he led against opposition and scapegoat, were directly by hunger, torture, or summary execution of more than eight million people in the Russian Empire. It brought about the death of the citizens.
Understanding Vladimir Lenin
Lenin lived an adult life instigating and leading revolutionary communist activity in Russia. It culminated in the October 1917 Revolution, when the Lenin Bolshevik faction came to power. In the wake of the revolution, the Bolshevik regime’s reign under Lenin was characterized by economic turmoil and deprivation. Bloody Civil War; Massive (sometimes intentional) famine among the local working class. Brutal crackdowns, torture, and murder of suspected or accused people who challenged, lacked loyalty to the revolution, or offered food or other items.
Despite these crimes, Lenin is still respected by some Communists, Communist sympathizers, and citizens of the former Soviet Republic. A 2017 Russian poll conducted by the Levada Center found that Lenin’s reputation as his father was declining, but never revoked. Fifty-six percent of Russians believe he played a full or almost positive role in Russian history, up from 40 percent in 2006.
History of Vladimir Lenin
Lenin was born in 1870 in the then Sinbilsk, about 450 miles east of Moscow. His family, whose surname was Ulyanov, thrived in the middle class. Two events in 1887 shaped his revolutionary belief. Execution of his brother Alexander who tried to kill the Russian emperor. And his expulsion from Kazan University for being the mastermind of the student uprising. After becoming a Marxist in 1889, he was allowed to take a law exam and earned a law degree from St. Petersburg University. He became a public defender and a member of a revolutionary group of Marxists. In the end, his work expelled him to Siberia for three years from 1897 to 1900. He then adopted the pseudonym “Lenin” to continue his revolutionary work and moved to Europe. He returned to Russia, instigating the eventually unsuccessful 1905 Revolution and returning abroad in 1907.
Lenin returned to Russia in April 1917 after the emperor resigned and the Soviet revolution progressed. The country was run by a caretaker government that Lenin called the “bourgeoisie dictatorship.” He envisioned a “proletariat dictatorship” dominated by workers and farmers. The Russians were desperate for the sacrifice that World War I struck the country and wanted change. And due to the tiredness of the war, Lenin and his Red Guard, secretly organized farmers, workers, and an army of disgruntled Russian soldiers went to government in a nearly bloodless coup in November 1917.
Russian Civil War
When Lenin came to power, Russia withdrew from World War I, but his Red Army decided to fight a three-year civil war with the White Army, a coalition of monarchists, capitalists and democratic socialists. became. Lenin enacted what is called “war communism” to fund the war. It nationalized all manufacturing and industry, demanded grain from farmers, fed the army, and sold it abroad to raise cash for the government.
After an attempted assassination in 1918 and serious injuries, Lenin carried out a red terrorist attack through the Bolshevik secret police known as the Cheka. According to one estimate, more than 100,000 people who appear to be opposed to the purpose of the revolution (known as “counter-revolutionaries”) or simply related to those who oppose it have been killed. Was done. The Red Army defeated the last remnants of the White Army on the Crimean Peninsula in November 1920. During this period, an estimated 1.5 million combatants and 8 million civilians were killed by Lenin’s revolutionary efforts during the Red Terrorism, the Russian Civil War, and war communist hunger.
Lenin’s war communism eventually ruined the economy. After the 1921 Russian famine, which killed at least 5 million people, he introduced his new economic policy to prevent a second revolution. It had to allow some private companies, introduce a wage system, sell agricultural and other commodities on the open market, and pay taxes on revenue with either money or raw commodities. State-owned enterprises such as steel were operated for profit.
Lenin suffered a series of strokes between 1922 and 1924, making it difficult to speak and govern. He was on January 21, 1924, only one year after Borsheviki finally founded the Soviet Union, on December 30, 1922, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and the Transcaucasia Federation (later Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan). ) Died through a treaty between. His body was antiseptic and exhibited at the Mausoleum on Red Square in Moscow.
Frequently Asked Questions
Who was Vladimir Lenin?
Lenin was the leader of the Russian October Revolution, which led to the creation of the Soviet Union. Lenin was known for his revolutionary enthusiasm and his ruthlessness towards those who did not support him.
What did Lenin achieve?
Lenin led a revolutionary uprising and took control of the Communist Bolsheviks throughout Russia and the territory of the former Russian Empire. It was one of the major events in world history in the 20th century and influenced economic, political and strategic trends around the world. The Lenin revolution and the establishment of the Soviet Union resulted in the deaths of millions of Russians and others, which drove the world into a century of temporary warfare and diplomatic conflict known as the Cold War.